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Systematic Reviews: Formulating Searchable Question

PICO - Constructing a clinical question

Build a good clinical question to facilitate searching for a precise answer.

Structure of a clinical question:

  • PatientWhat are the significant characteristics of the patient or the population?
  • InterventionWhat are the significant characteristics of the patient or the population?
  • ComparisionAre you considering another intervention as a comparison to the first?
  • OutcomeWhat is the effect of the treatment/intervention? (Outcome factor) How will you measure it?
  • TimeHow much time does it take for an intervention to reach an outcome?

Formulate Your questions

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