There are a few key changes to the Chicago Manual of Style 17th edition:
- Shortened citations are preferred to ibid for repeated references
- New guidelines for using permalinks and shortened URLs
- Expanded information on citing social media, live performances and multimedia app content
Chicago 17th A uses a footnotes and bibliography format of referencing. Footnotes require you to mark the in-text citation with a superscript number and provide a reference citation within the footnote. Throughout the document these are numbered in sequential order. Subsequent occurrences of the same citation will have an abbreviated form as indicated below. You are then required to provide the full list of references cited in your document as the bibliography. Please note that the first line of all footnote citations are indented.
Here are some quick citation examples Quick Guide to referencing using Chicago 17th A
Example of a footnote
Footnote (at the bottom of the page)
Each example illustrates the footnote entry and subsequent appearances of the same reference.
Subsequent footnotes can use a shortened version of the citation
1. John D. Kelly, “Seeing Red: Mao Fetishism, Pax Americana, and the Moral Economy of War,” in Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency, ed. John D. Kelly et al. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010), 77.
3. Kelly, “Seeing Red,” 81–82.
1. Russell Winslow, “On Mimetic Style in Plato’s Republic,” Philosophy & Rhetoric 45, no. 1 (2012): 54.
3. Winslow, “Plato’s Republic,” 52–53.
1. Daniel Mendelsohn, “But Enough about Me,” New Yorker, January 25, 2010, 68.
3. Mendelsohn, “But Enough about Me,” 69.
1. "Abdul Abdullah,” Museum of Contemporary Art, accessed September 14, 2017, https://www.mca.com.au/collection/artist/abdullah-abdul/
2. “Abdul Abdullah,” MCA.
Your bibliography should be ordered alphabetically by author and then chronologically by year of publication. The Chicago 17th A style requires the references to have a hanging indent as illustrated below in the examples. For more examples please consult the complete guide. For instances of multiple articles with the same authors and years of publication, please see the complete guide.
Images are not usually represented in a bibliography, but rather an image list as part of the front matter or directly by the image in the text.
Figure 1. Max Dupain, Sunbaker, 1937. Gelatin silver photograph, 38.6 x 43.4cm. National Gallery of Australia, Canberra.
Vincent Namatjira, Self-portrait on Friday, 2017. Acrylic on linen, 152 x 122 cm. https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/prizes/
For further examples please see the SCA Chicago Referencing Guide above.