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Referencing and Citation Styles: IEEE

References in the body of your essay

The IEEE referencing style uses a numbered system. All in-text citations recieve a number, starting from [1]. When repeating a citation, use the original citation number allocated to that reference.

Referencing an idea

  • Whilst implementation of NAT on a network provides security from hack attacks or snooping, it makes protection of the datagram via IPSEC difficult [1]. Several methods for allowing IPSEC thorugh a NAT have been implemented [2-5].
  • Slower speeds where noticed when packet switching was performed by software, rather than hardware, configurations [4,9-10].

When talking about an author or study, subtitute their details with the bracketed citation e.g.;

  • According to [4], IPv6 provides some benefits for the security-minded network administrator.

Referencing a quotation

  • "Who the hell knew how much address space we needed [12]?"

Reference List

The references in your list should be arranged in the order they appear in your assignment.

  • [1]    W. K. Chen, Linear Networks and Systems. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993.
Book Chapter
  • [2]    G. O. Young, “Synthetic structure of industrial plastics,” in Plastics, vol. 3, Polymers of Hexadromicon, J. Peters, Ed., 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964, pp. 15-64.
Conference proceedings
  • [3]    D. B. Payne and H.G. Gunhold, “Digital sundials and broadband technology,” in Proc. IOOC-ECOC, 1986, pp. 557-998.
Journal article
  • [4]    D. R. Kornack, and P. Rakic, "Cell Proliferation Without Neurogenesis in Adult Primate Neocortex," Science, vol. 294, no. 5549, pp. 2127-2130, Dec. 2001.
    doi: 10.1126/science.1065467
  • [5]    J. P. Wilkinson, “Nonlinear resonant circuit devices,” U.S. Patent 3 624 125, July 16, 1990.
  • [6]    IEEE Criteria for Class IE Electric Systems, IEEE Standard 308, 1969.
Web Page or Web Document