Skip to Main Content

Referencing and Citation Styles: IEEE

References in the body of your essay

The IEEE referencing style uses a numbered system. All in-text citations receive a number, starting from [1]. When repeating a citation, use the original citation number allocated to that reference.

Referencing an idea

  • Whilst implementation of NAT on a network provides security from hack attacks or snooping, it makes protection of the datagram via IPSEC difficult [1]. Several methods for allowing IPSEC thorugh a NAT have been implemented [2-5].
  • Slower speeds where noticed when packet switching was performed by software, rather than hardware, configurations [4,9-10].

When talking about an author or study, subtitute their details with the bracketed citation e.g.;

  • According to [4], IPv6 provides some benefits for the security-minded network administrator.

Referencing a quotation

  • "Who the hell knew how much address space we needed [12]?"

Key Resources

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are advised that this website may contain images, voices and names of people who have died.

The University of Sydney Library acknowledges that its facilities sit on the ancestral lands of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, who have for thousands of generations exchanged knowledge for the benefit of all. Learn more