Skip to Main Content

Referencing and Citation Styles: IEEE

References in the body of your essay

The IEEE referencing style uses a numbered system. All in-text citations receive a number, starting from [1]. When repeating a citation, use the original citation number allocated to that reference.

Referencing an idea

  • Whilst implementation of NAT on a network provides security from hack attacks or snooping, it makes protection of the datagram via IPSEC difficult [1]. Several methods for allowing IPSEC thorugh a NAT have been implemented [2-5].
  • Slower speeds where noticed when packet switching was performed by software, rather than hardware, configurations [4,9-10].

When talking about an author or study, subtitute their details with the bracketed citation e.g.;

  • According to [4], IPv6 provides some benefits for the security-minded network administrator.

Referencing a quotation

  • "Who the hell knew how much address space we needed [12]?"

Key Resources