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Referencing and Citation Styles: MLA 8th

Official MLA 8th referencing manual

The official published manual for MLA 8th is:

Alternative guides when the published manual is not available:

References in the body of your essay

The MLA style uses an author-page method for in-text citations.

Referencing an idea

  • A key component of romantic poetry is the depth of emotion inherent in the creative process (Wordsworth 263).


  • Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263).

Referencing a quotation

  • Romantic poetry is characterised by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).

Works Cited

The Works-Cited list should be indented and arranged alphabetically by author (and then by year for items with the same author).

Book (1-2 authors)
  • Tarlow, Sarah. Ritual, Belief, and the Dead Body in Early Modern Britain and Ireland. Cambridge University Press, 2011. 
Book (3 or more authors)
  • Zheng, Sheng Tian, et al. Art in Turmoil: The Chinese Cultural Revolution, 1966-76. UBC Press, 2010. 
Book chapter
  • McKenzie, H, et al. "Explaining the Complexities and Value of Nursing Practice and Knowledge."Knowledge as Value: Illumination through Critical Prisms. edited by Ian Morley and Mira CrouchRodopi, 2008, pp. 209-224. 
Journal article
  • Busse, William W., and Sameer K. Mathur. "Asthma: Diagnosis and Management." The Medical clinics of North America vol.90, no.1, 2006, pp. 39-60. 
Newspaper article
  • Bagnall, D. "Private Schools: Why They Are out in Front." The Bulletin, 27 Jan 1998, pp. 12-15. 
  • @tombrokaw. SC demonstrated why all the debates are the engines of this campaign. Twitter, 22 Jan. 2012, 3:06 a.m., /tombrokaw/status /160996868971704320.
Webpage (with author)
  • Howard, Cerise. "2012 Fribourg International Film Festival." Australian Film Critics Association, 11 Aug. 2012,
Webpage (no author)
  • "Romance Languages and Literatures Resources Page." University of Chicago, Accessed 6 July 2015.

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