The Vancouver referencing style is a numeric style used in the medical sciences.
References in text, tables, and legends should be numbered consecutively in the order they are cited in the text using Arabic numbers in parentheses. The use of Arabic numbers in superscript format is also acceptable, but is dependent on the requirements of individual journals and/or academic departments.
When multiple references are cited at the same place in the text of a document, use a hyphen to join the first and last references if they are inclusive. Use commas without spaces to separate exclusive references.
Consideration should be taken on the location of numbers within the text of a document. Use Arabic numbers outside periods and commas, inside colons and semi-colons.
Citing Specific Pages
If an author needs to cite different page numbers from a single reference at different places within the text of a document the formatting used in the example should be used. Please note that the source needs to appear only one in the reference list.
In the Vancouver style references should appear at the end of the text of your essay/paper listed numerically in the order that they were cited in the text.
Book (1-6 authors):
Book (More than 6 authors):
The following resources provide guides for citing in the Vancouver style.
EndNote comes installed with a Vancouver output style for your use. Additional resources are available from the following external sites.
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