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Systematic Reviews: Home


Systematic Review: A summary of the medical literature that uses explicit methods to perform a comprehensive literature search and critical appraisal of individual studies and uses appropriate statistical technques to combine these valid studies.  (Centre of Evidence-based Medicine Toronto. Glossary of EBM terms.[cited 2012 Jul 2]; Available from:

Scoping Review is a type of literature review that aims to provide an overview of the type, extent and quantity of research available on a given topic. By ‘mapping’ existing research, a scoping review can identify potential research gaps and future research needs, and do so by using systematic and transparent methods. (HLWIKI Canada)

Rapid ReviewA brief synthesis and judgement of the available research evidence related to a specific question posed by policy officers. The research evidence is drawn primarily from existing systematic reviews, meta-analyses and economic evaluations.(Department of Health and Human Services, State Government of Victoria, Australia,. Rapid reviews.   [updated 2014, May 15; cited 2015 Jul 15]; Available from:

Integrative Review: The broadest type of research review methods allowing for the simultaneous inclusion of experimental and non-experimental research in order to more fully understand a phenomenon of concern. Integrative reviews may also combine data from the theoretical as well as empirical literature. (Whittemore R, Knafl K. The integrative review: updated methodology. J Adv Nurs.  2005 [cited 2015 July 17];52(5):546-53. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2005.03621.x )