Chicago 16th A uses a footnotes and bibliography format of referencing. Footnotes require you to mark the in-text citation with a superscript number and provide a reference citation within the footnote. Throughout the document these are numbered in sequential order. Subsequent occurrences of the same citation will have an abbreviated form as indicated below. You are then required to provide the full list of references cited in your document as the bibliography. Please note that the first line of all footnote citations are indented.
Example of a footnote
Footnote (at the bottom of the page)
Each example illustrates the footnote entry and subsequent appearances of the same reference.
If the next footnote is the same as the preceding, can use ibid.
Subsequent footnotes can use shortened citation
1. John D. Kelly, “Seeing Red: Mao Fetishism, Pax Americana, and the Moral Economy of War,” in Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency, ed. John D. Kelly et al. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010), 77.
3. Kelly, “Seeing Red,” 81–82.
1. Joshua I. Weinstein, “The Market in Plato’s Republic,” Classical Philology 104 (2009): 440.
3. Weinstein, “Plato’s Republic,” 452–53.
1. Daniel Mendelsohn, “But Enough about Me,” New Yorker, January 25, 2010, 68.
3. Mendelsohn, “But Enough about Me,” 69.
1. Andrew Frost, “William Kentridge: The Refusal of Time – interview,” The Guardian, last modified February 21, 2014, http://www.theguardian.com/culture/australia-culture-blog/2014/feb/21/william-kentridge-the-refusal-of-time-interview.
3. Andrew Frost, “William Kentridge.”
Your bibliography should be ordered alphabetically by author and then chronologically by year of publication. The Chicago 16th A style requires the references to have a hanging indent as illustrated below in the examples. For more examples please consult the complete guide. For instances of multiple articles with the same authors and years of publication, please see the complete guide.