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Referencing and Citation Styles: MLA

References in the body of your essay

The MLA style uses an author-page method for in-text citations.

Referencing an idea

  • A key component of romantic poetry is the depth of emotion inherent in the creative process (Wordsworth 263; Stauffer 168).


  • Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263).

Referencing a quotation

  • Romantic poetry is characterised by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).

Reference List

The reference list should be indented and arranged alphabetically by author (and then by year for items with the same author).

Book (1-3 authors)
  • Tarlow, Sarah. Ritual, Belief, and the Dead Body in Early Modern Britain and Ireland. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011. Print.
Book (4 or more authors)
  • Zheng, Sheng Tian, et al. Art in Turmoil: The Chinese Cultural Revolution, 1966-76. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2010. Print.
Book chapter
  • McKenzie, H, et al. "Explaining the Complexities and Value of Nursing Practice and Knowledge."Knowledge as Value: Illumination through Critical Prisms. Eds. I. Morley and M Crouch. New Jersey: Rodopi, 2008. 209-24. Print.
Journal article
  • Busse, William W., and Sameer K. Mathur. "Asthma: Diagnosis and Management." The Medical clinics of North America 90.1 (2006): 39-60. Print.
Newspaper article
  • Bagnall, D. "Private Schools: Why They Are out in Front." The Bulletin 27 Jan. 1998: 12-15. Print.
Webpage (with author)
  • Welch, N. "Toward an Understanding of the Determinants of Rural Health". 2010. Web. 15 Feb. 2010.<>
Webpage (no author)

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